Hyperpigmentation in dermatology means the darkening of an area or areas of the skin. This is due to increased melanin levels. Hyperpigmentation can be caused by different things. In this article we’ll look at the difference between dark, brown, age spots and Melasma. Dark, brown and age spots are due to increased melanin levels in areas of the skin. This skin problem usually arises due to an over exposure to the sun over a long period of time. If you for example like sun tanning and did it recklessly in your 20s without using sun block, you are probably going to have to deal with this problem in your late 30s and early 40s.
Age, dark and brown spots are the same and they usually appear where you’ve exposed your skin to the sun: face, neck, shoulders, hands and arms. These hyperpigmentation problems are harmless (remember that too much sun can also lead to skin cancer). However, these imperfections do have an impact on your appearance and therefore on your self esteem. This is why many try finding treatments to get rid of them.
Some treatments for age, dark and brown spots are skin microdermabrasion, dermabrasion and skin bleaching creams. It’s always recommended to talk to your dermatologist before you undergo any of these treatments because they can have some unwanted side effects. If you want to use a cream, use something that contains Rumex extract (natural melanin inhibitor), rather than hydroquinone (chemical skin whitener). The chemical variant can cause quite a few side effects that can make the problem worse. Natural skin creams that control melanin production on the other hand are safe and effective.
Melasma is also a type of hyperpigmentation problem. It’s also caused by an increased melanin production, but it’s not due to an over exposure to the sun: its cause is hormonal changes. This is why melasma appears during pregnancy. Melasma is harmless, but can just like age spots, affect one’s self esteem. Treatments for melasma are the same as for age spots. You need something to prevent and control melanin production. Since this is a problem that arises during pregnancy, harsh treatments are not recommended. A natural skin cream that contains Rumex extract is therefore the best way to treat melasma without causing any problems to your baby.